E.B. Borron's Letter to Oliver Mowat Confirming Report of 1891

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E.B. Borron's Letter to Oliver Mowat Confirming Report of 1891



Name of document:

E.B. Borron's Letter to Oliver Mowat Confirming Report of 1891

Type of document:

Primary documentation, report, Archives of Ontario

Summary of the data:

E.B. Borron, Stipendiary Magistrate, wrote to Oliver Mowat, Attorney General of Ontario, on October 11th 1892 confirming the opinions he shared in his 1891 Report. In his report, Borron argues that Métis families should no longer be included on the pay lists. Additionally, he argues that over half of the names on the pay lists are Métis and therefore not entitled to annuity payments. According to Alison Gale's Historical Report, in 1892 Borron made a number of inquiries into those families appearing on the Robinson Treaties pay lists. Included in this letter is Borron's synopsis of the number of Métis residing in the territories included under the Robinson-Superior Treaty, 1850, see below:

Location Population
Fort William 350 total, 147 Métis, 14 'non-treaty Indians', 189 First Nations
Lake Nipigon 514 total, 295 First Nations inhabiting territory north the height of land, 12 unknown, 184 First Nations
Red Rock 205 total, 72 Métis, 133 First Nations
Pays Plat 55 total, 6 Métis, 14 'non-treaty Indians,' 5 belonging to unceded territory north of the height of the land, 30 First Nations
Pic River 279 total, 61 Métis, 19 belonging to unceded territory north of the height of the land, 199 First Nations
Long Lake, Ontario 345 total, 241 belonging to unceded territory north of the height of the land, 32 Métis, 20 unknown and 52 First Nations
Michipicoten (now Wawa) 327 total, 100 Métis, 67 'non-treaty Indians,' 167 First Nations

Note: According to Borron, 'non-treaty Indians' are American First Nations who came to Canada after the Treaty.

Therefore, Borron writes that, "of the 2075 Persons in receipt of Annuity money - ostensible in terms of the Robinson (Superior) Treaty - No less a number than 1108 are Half-breeds, and Non treaty Indians, who in my opinion have no legal or moral claim whatever to any Annuities under that treaty" (par. 19).

Important dates mentioned in the document:

October 11, 1892: Date letter was sent

Important people discussed in the document:

E.B. Borron
Oliver Mowat

Specific location(s) mentioned in the document (if applicable):

Fort William, Ontario
Red Rock, Ontario
Pays Plat, Ontario
Michipicoten (now Wawa), Ontario

Non-specific location(s) mentioned in the document (if applicable):

Lake Superior, Ontario-Minnesota-Wisconsin-Michigan
Lake Huron, Ontario
Lake Nipigon, Ontario
Nipigon River, Ontario
Pic River, Ontario
Long Lake, Ontario
Michipicoton River, Ontario

Specific event(s) identified in the document (if applicable):

Robinson-Superior Treaty, 1850 (September 7, 1850)

Relevant citations:

Archives of Ontario. F1027-1-2, "E.B. Borron' Letter to Oliver Mowat," 11 October 1892, MU 1465, Box 27, Item 27/32/08.

Gale, Alison. "Robinson Treaty Métis: Historical Report." Claims Research and Assessment Directorate Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development. (1998). Print.

Was the information found online (yes/no)?:

No.

Document links and URLs (if applicable):

N/A

Date of access:

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Webmaster if identified (for online documents only):

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